A Study of Attitude, Awareness, and Knowledge of Vasectomy among Married Men in Urban Slums of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Saravanan Chinnaiyan, Bhavya Babu
Male sterilization, Unmet needs, Vasectomy
Citation Information :
Chinnaiyan S, Babu B. A Study of Attitude, Awareness, and Knowledge of Vasectomy among Married Men in Urban Slums of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2021; 12 (3):73-76.
Background: Sterilization is a permanent birth control method, with nearly twice as many couples, are choosing female sterilization over male sterilization. Vasectomy is a safe, cheaper, less complicated, and simple procedure in permanent sterilization methods than tubectomy.
Aim and objective: To assess attitude, awareness, and knowledge of vasectomy among married men in urban slums of Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
Materials and methods: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried among married men in the urban slums of Chennai age 21–49. Simple random sampling is used to select the respondents. Descriptive analysis was done using appropriate R studio software.
Results: Among our 132 respondents, most of them are from 20 to 29 (40.90%). About 84% of the participants heard about vasectomy. Awareness of contraceptive methods is mostly through television (75%) and by their family and friends (72%). Our study discovered a gap in the knowledge and attitudes toward vasectomy, which the study revealed that respondents had moderate knowledge but had a negative attitude toward vasectomy.
Conclusion: Many men believe that avoiding pregnancy is exclusively the woman\'s responsibility. Men and women differed in their experience of sterilization. Family and physicians have an important role in ensuring that women know contraception options before the sterilization procedure. Adequate health education campaigns and regular counseling can bring out positive attitudes among people on vasectomy in the future.
Noel G, Ajeet S. Awareness and perception of and potential demand for vasectomy among married males. PJMS 2014;4(1):35–39.
NFHS-4 (2015-16) Factsheet for India and Maharashtra. Available at: http://rchiips.org/NFHS/ factsheet_NFHS-4.shtml. Accessed on 3 June 2017.
Bunce BA, Greg G, Hannah S, et al. Factors affecting vasectomy acceptability in Tanzania. Int Fam Plan Perspect 2007;33(1):13–21. DOI: 10.1363/3301307.
Federal Ministry of Health, author. Maternal mortality situation and determinants in Nigeria. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Health; 2004. pp. ix–x.
Omu AE, Akagbosu F. Voluntary surgical contraception: attitudes, knowledge and practice. University of benin teaching hospital studies. Trop J Obstet, Gynaecol 1990;2:220–226.
Nair GR. Knowledge and attitude of married men towards vasectomy in an urban slum of Navi Mumbai. Int J Community Med Public Health 2017;4(12):4563–4568. DOI: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20175331.
International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and ICF. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), India, 2015-16: Tamil Nadu. Mumbai: IIPS; 2017.
Madhukumar S, Pavithra MB. A study about perceptions, attitude, and knowledge among men toward vasectomy in Bangalore rural population. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2015;4(8):1066–1070. DOI: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.15022015223.
State Fact Sheet 2007–2008. District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007–2008. Available at: http://www.rchiips.org/state-fact sheet-rch3html (last accessed on December 21, 2013).
Evaluation of family planning in health services. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 1975. 1–67.
Khan MM, Shahauddin ST, ShroffAjit G. Study of knowledge and practice of contraception in urban slum community, Mumbai. Int J Current Med Applied Sci 2014;3(2):35–41. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2014.11.007.
Vijay KM, Surya PML. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding vasectomy among married men in a rural area. MRIMS J Health Sci 2015;3(1):59–61. DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.301961.
Ram MS, Dharma RM. An analysis of factors influencing the acceptability of vasectomy in Andhra Pradesh. Health and population - perspecth/es and issues. 2003;26(4):162–182.
Bhuyan K, Ali I, Sarma G, et al. No scalpel vasectomy (NSV) with ligation and excision: a single centre experience. Indian J Surg 2015;77(December):1038–1040. DOI: 10.1007/s12262-014-1119-1.
Ajeet S, Raghvendra G, Shilpa H, et al. Denial mode for vasectomy among married men in central India: causes and suggested strategies. J Psychol Psychother 2013;3(4):1–4.