International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Diet and Women Fertility: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study

Ruaa E Alabd, Kefah H Abdulmajeed, Hayder G Oufi

Citation Information : Alabd RE, Abdulmajeed KH, Oufi HG. Diet and Women Fertility: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2016; 7 (3):82-88.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1134

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims

This work was designed to assess the role of diet and dietary habits on women fertility.

Materials and methods

This study was carried out in seven different centers and hospitals in Baghdad in the period between January and September 2014. Participants were 400 adult women selected conveniently; their age ranged from 17 to 47 years and they were divided into two groups. Group I included 300 fertile women and group II included 100 infertile women. A specific questionnaire had been designed and used for data collection

Results

It was found that there was a significant difference in weight and body mass index (BMI) between the infertile group and control group. The mean of weights was 73.07 vs 69.06 kg for infertile and the control group respectively, while the mean BMI was 28.83 vs 26.70 for the infertile group and the control group respectively. Moreover, the infertile women consumed more of carbonated beverages, tea, chicken, and fish than the control group, while they consumed less milk and red meat than the control group. Also, the infertile group consumed less corn oil and olive oil than the control group (5 and 0% vs 21 and 2%) respectively, while they used to consume more solid fat and combined fat than the control group (2 and 6% vs 0 and 2.7%) respectively.

Conclusion

Although treatment options for infertility are available, their high cost and frequency of adverse events have motivated the identification of dietary factors related to infertility. The current study identified diet as one of the modifiable risk factors that potentially impacts fertility in the selected groups; hence, it is important to focus more on the role of diet in women fertility and increase the awareness of women to it, along with suggesting more educational programs at the primary health care level.

How to cite this article

Alabd RE, Abdulmajeed KH, Oufi HG. Diet and Women Fertility: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2016;7(3):82-88.


PDF Share
  1. Infertility and the provision of infertility medical services in developing countries. Hum Reprod Update 2008 Nov-Dec;14(6):605-621.
  2. Definition and prevalence of subfertility and infertility. Hum Reprod 2005 May;20(5):1144-1147.
  3. Infertility: a global perspective. Minerva Ginecol 2006 Dec;58(6):445-457.
  4. The impact of lifestyle risk factors on female infertility. Women Health 2006;44(4):1-23.
  5. International estimates of infertility prevalence and treatment-seeking: potential need and demand for infertility medical care. Hum Reprod 2007 Jun;22(6):1506-1512.
  6. Use of various contraceptive methods and time of conception in a community-based population. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2005 Nov;123(1):72-76.
  7. Available from: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/IraqSTEPSReport2006.pdf.
  8. Medical and socio-cultural aspects of infertility in the Middle East. Hum Reprod 2008 Jul;2008(1):34-41.
  9. The economic impact of the assisted reproductive technologies. Nat Cell Biol 2002 Oct;4 Suppl:s29-s32.
  10. Outcomes from assisted reproductive technology. Obstet Gynecol 2006 Jan;107(1):183-200.
  11. Physical activity, body mass index, and ovulatory disorder infertility. Epidemiology 2002 Mar;13(2):184-190.
  12. Dietary fatty acid intakes and the risk of ovulatory infertility. Am J Clin Nutr 2007 Jan;85(1):231-237.
  13. Protein intake and ovulatory infertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008 Feb;198(2):210.e1-210.e7.
  14. A prospective study of dairy foods intake and anovulatory infertility. Hum Reprod 2007 May;22(5):1340-1347.
  15. Iron intake and risk of ovulatory infertility. Obstet Gynecol 2006 Nov;108(5):1145-1152.
  16. Use of multivitamins, intake of B vitamins, and risk of ovulatory infertility. Fertil Steril 2008 Mar;89(3):668-676.
  17. The impact of lifestyle factors on reproductive performance in the general population and those undergoing infertility treatment: a review. Hum Reprod Update 2007 May-Jun;13(3):209-223.
  18. Summary report. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2002.
  19. ; Piwoz, E. Nutrition and tuberculosis: a review of the literature and considerations for TB control programs. USAID/Africa's Health for 2010. Washington DC: Agency for International Development; 2008; [cited2014 Apr 3]. Available from: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADL992.pdf.
  20. The influence of nutrition on the risk and outcomes of tuberculosis. In: HIV/AIDS, TB, and nutrition: scientific inquiry into the nutritional influences on human immunity with special reference to HIV infection and active TB in South Africa. Pretoria 2007;15372; [cited 2014 Mar 10]. Available from: http://www.nationalacademies.org/asadi/PDFs/HIVAIDSTB&Nutrition.pdf.
  21. Reproduction in females: the role of the early life environment. Hum Reprod Update 2011 Mar-Apr;17(2):210-227.
  22. ; Lee, M. Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods. In: Dietary guidelines for Australian adults. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council; 2003. p. 1-16.
  23. Dietary glycemic index and load in relation to metabolic risk factors in Japanese female farmers with traditional dietary habits. Am J Clin Nutr 2006 May;83(5):1161-1169.
  24. The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. JAMA 2002 May;287(18):2414-2423.
  25. Glycemic load and chronic disease. Nutr Rev 2003 May;61(5 Pt 2):S49-S55.
  26. Lowering dietary glycemic load for weight control and cardiovascular health: a matter of quality. Arch Intern Med 2006 Jul;166(14):1438-1439.
  27. Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessment. Am J Clin Nutr 2004 May;79(5):774-779.
  28. Diet-induced obesity model: abnormal oocytes and persistent growth abnormalities in the offspring. Endocrinology 2010 Aug;151(8):4039-4046.
  29. High-fat diet causes lipotoxicity responses in cumulus-oocyte complexes and decreased fertilization rates. Endocrinology 2010 Nov;151(11):5438-5445.
  30. Inflammatory pathways linking obesity and ovarian dysfunction. J Reprod Immunol 2011 Mar;88(2):142-148.
  31. Exposure to lipid-rich follicular fluid is associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress and impaired oocyte maturation in cumulus-oocyte complexes. Fertil Steril 2012 Jun;97(6):1438-1443.
  32. Lipotoxicity: when tissues overeat. Curr Opin Lipidol 2003 Jun;14(3):281-287.
  33. The impact of obesity on oocytes: evidence for lipotoxicity mechanisms. Reprod Fertil Dev 2011;24(1):29-34.
  34. Dietary guidelines for Americans. United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Department of Agriculture 2005; [cited 2014 Apr 18]. Available from: http://www.healthierus.gov/dietaryguidelines.
  35. Population study of causes, treatment, and outcome of infertility. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 Dec;291(6510):1693-1697.
  36. Human fertility: sociodemographic aspects. Contraception 2005 Oct;72(4):303-307.
  37. Assisted reproductive technology and pregnancy outcome. Obstet Gynecol 2005 Nov;106(5 Pt 1):1039-1045.
  38. The effect of preconceptional multivitamin supplementation on fertility. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1996;66(1):55-58.
  39. Obesity affects spontaneous pregnancy chances in subfertile, ovulatory women. Hum Reprod 2007 Feb;23(2):324-328.
  40. Obesity and time to pregnancy. Hum Reprod 2007 Feb;22(2):414-420.
  41. Body mass and probability of pregnancy during assisted reproduction treatment: retrospective study. BMJ 2000 Nov;321(7272):1320-1321.
  42. Obesity. Lancet 2005 Oct;366(9492):1197-1209.
  43. Fecundability in relation to body mass and menstrual cycle patterns. Epidemiology 1999 Jul;10(4):422-428.
  44. Negative lifestyle is associated with a significant reduction in fecundity. Fertil Steril 2004 Feb;81(2):384-392.
  45. Pulsatile luteinizing hormone amplitude and progesterone metabolite excretion are reduced in obese women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007 Jul;92(7):2468-2473.
  46. Association of delayed conception with caffeine consumption. Am J Epidemiol 1993 Dec;138(12):1082-1092.
  47. Caffeinated and alcoholic beverage intake in relation to ovulatory disorder infertility. Epidemiology 2009 May;20(3):374-381.
  48. A preexercise alpha-lactalbumin-enriched whey protein meal preserves lipid oxidation, decreases adiposity in rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2002 Sep;283(3):E565-E572.
  49. Nutritional predictors of insulin-like growth factor I and their relationships to cancer in men. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2003 Feb;12(2):84-89.
  50. Insulin-like growth factors and ovarian follicular development. Endocr Rev 1992 Nov;13(4):641-669.
  51. Insulin and insulinlike growth factor I stimulate the proliferation of human ovarian theca-interstitial cells. Fertil Steril 1998 Feb;69(2):335-340.
  52. Measurement of estrogens in cow's milk, human milk, dairy products. J Dairy Sci 1979 Sep;62(9):1458-1463.
  53. Testosterone and estradiol regulate free insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), and dimeric IGF-I/IGFBP-1 concentrations. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005 May;90(5):2941-2947.
  54. High school dietary dairy intake and teenage acne. J Am Acad Dermatol 2005 Feb;52(2):207-214.
  55. Polycystic ovary syndrome. N Engl J Med 2005 Mar;352(12):1223-1236.
  56. Elevated serum levels of free insulin-like growth factor I in polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1999 Sep;84(9):3030-3035.
  57. Dietary correlates of plasma insulin-like growth factor I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 concentrations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002 Sep;11(9):852-861.
  58. Promoting a healthy diet for the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. User-friendly guide/World Health Organization. ISBN 2012;978-92-9021-834-0.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.