International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2014 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fetomaternal Outcome in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane

Minakeshi Rana, Sharda Patra, Shubha Sagar Trivedi

Citation Information : Rana M, Patra S, Trivedi SS. Fetomaternal Outcome in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2014; 5 (1):18-21.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1075

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).


Abstract

Materials and methods

A total of 150 pregnant women between 24 and 36 weeks gestation with PROM were subjected to detailed history and examination. Each patient was followed till her delivery and fetomaternal outcome was recorded gestation-wise between 24 and 28 weeks (n = 15), 28 and 32 weeks (n = 30), 32 and 34 weeks (n = 90), and 34 and 36 weeks (n = 15).

Result

The mean latency period from membrane rupture to delivery decreased from 15 days at 24 to 28 weeks, 11 days at 28 to 32 weeks to 4.4 days at 32 to 34 weeks to 2.1 days at 34 to 36 weeks. Majority of women delivered vaginally. The rate of spontaneous labor increased as the gestational age at admission increased, the difference between rate of spontaneous labor of 67% at 28 to 32 weeks and 86% at 34 to 36 weeks was statistically significant (p = 0.001). The indications for induction of labor were intrauterine fetal death, gross oligohydramnios, and clinical chorioamnionitis. The most common complication was clinical chorioamnionitis (6%) and postpartum sepsis (6%). The perinatal outcome was favorable in majority of cases and improved with the increase in gestational age at PROM. The overall perinatal mortality was 9.3%.

Conclusion

Management of PPROM involves complete evaluation of risks and benefits of conservative management. Wherever possible, the treatment should be directed toward conserving the pregnancy with prophylactic use of antibiotics and steroids thereby reducing fetal-maternal morbidity and mortality. However, termination of pregnancy should be considered at the earliest suspicion of chorioamnionitis.

How to cite this article

Rana M, patra s, Puri M, Trivedi SS. Fetomaternal Outcome in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membrane. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2014;5(1):18-21.


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