International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Pregnancy Rate after Tubal Reanastomosis: A Case Presentation and Systematic Review

Muhammad A Zucha, Anastasia Feliciana, Pritania Astari

Keywords : Female sterilization, Pregnancy rate, Tubal microsurgery, Tubal reanastomosis

Citation Information : Zucha MA, Feliciana A, Astari P. Pregnancy Rate after Tubal Reanastomosis: A Case Presentation and Systematic Review. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2022; 13 (1):28-33.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1254

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-01-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Tubal reanastomosis is an option to recanalize fallopian tubes after previous sterilization. Several factors may be important in defining the success rate afterwards. This paper aimed to describe our experience performing tubal reanastomosis, and discuss the fertility outcome through a systematic literature review. We successfully performed tubal reanastomosis that resulted in pregnancy within 1 year after the procedure. Microsurgical tubal reanastomosis was performed with four-stitch technique. In addition, we conducted systematic searching to describe the efficacy of tubal reanastomosis in reversing the fertility status. MEDLINE database was searched with keywords: tubal reanastomosis, sterilization, and fertility. According to our criteria and search protocol, 16 studies were found, including 8,584 subjects. Data of pregnancy rate of those studies were collected to determine a cumulative pregnancy rate. According to our systematic review, we found tubal reanastomosis may result in successful conception of 70.27% of patients. Moreover, microsurgical tubal reanastomosis has comparable outcome in comparison to minimal invasive surgical approach. Therefore, tubal reanastomosis with microsurgery may be provided to reverse fertility status in low-resource settings. Our results mainly impact on patients who underwent tubal sterilization but need a fertility reversal. Our shared technique may be used as an important insight for the surgical approach. More importantly, pregnancy rates from the systematic review may be used as evidence-based prediction number of pregnancies.

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