Introduction: Infertility is a common condition, with important medical economic and psychological implications. We have observed a surge in cases of primary infertility in our OPD of late. Hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia have been implicated as a cause of primary infertility.
Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study in our hospital, Government Medical College, on an OPD basis, between May 2017 and January 2019, to check for hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia as a cause of primary infertility among females, after ruling out other common implicated factors that may be the cause of infertility. We labeled the study group as group I and the control group as group II.
Results: The mean age of patients in group I was 26.21 years, and that in group II was 25.63 years, respectively. The average time since marriage in group I was found to be 1.67 years and that in group II was 1.78 years, respectively. The rural–urban ratio of patients in group I was 23:27 and that in group II was 34:16. The mean TSH level in group I was found to be 7.11 ± 1.91 and that in group II was found to be 3.28 ± 2.11. The mean levels of serum prolactin in group I were 41.62 ± 20.02 and that in group II were 22.36 ± 15.61, respectively. There was a high prevalence of hypothyroidism and hyperprolactinemia in group I when compared with group II.
Conclusion: This study showed significantly higher prolactin and TSH levels among the primary infertile female patients. Therefore, for proper management of infertile cases, it may be necessary to look for thyroid dysfunction and treat it accordingly.
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