International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Role of Hysterolaparoscopy in Infertility

Virupakshi Ajjammanavar, Nayana D Hiremath, Jayashree Sambashivaiah

Keywords : Hysterolaparoscopy, Infertility, Pathological conditions, Uterus

Citation Information : Ajjammanavar V, Hiremath ND, Sambashivaiah J. Role of Hysterolaparoscopy in Infertility. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2020; 11 (1):5-10.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1196

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 25-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Hysterolaparoscopy often brings to light the hitherto unexpected pathology. The objective of this study was to evaluate various etiological factors in infertility by hysterolaparoscopy and to evaluate therapeutic interventions done during hysterolaparoscopy. Materials and methods: Women posted for hysterolaparoscopy for infertility workup in JSS hospital during the period from November 01, 2014, to October 31, 2016, were included in the study. First hysteroscopy was performed. In hysteroscopy, endocervical canal was visualized for any growth or polyps. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed using a 30-degree deflection angle telescope powered with a fiber-optic cable for light source. Results: On hysteroscopy, out of 90 cases, 68 (75.6%) had normal findings, 10 (11.1%) had endometrial polyps, 5 (5.6%) had septate uterus, 3 (3.3%) had hyperplastic endometrium, and there was 1 case each of submucous fibroid, atrophic endometrium, intrauterine adhesions, and hypoplastic uterus. Laparoscopic interventions were performed in the form of ovarian cystectomy in 17 (18.8%), paraovarian cystectomy in 3 (3.3%), adhesiolysis in 2 (2.2%) cases, drilling of polycystic ovaries in 26 (28.8%) cases, fulguration or excision of endometriosis nodules in 4 (4.4%), myomectomy in 7 (7.7%) cases), fimbrial cystectomy in 2 (2.22%), and unilateral salpingectomy done in 2 (2.22%). Conclusion: Hysterolaparoscopy is an effective and safe tool in comprehensive evaluation of infertility to diagnose and treat the various pathological conditions in a single sitting.


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