International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Sperm Abnormalities: In the Male Partners of Infertile Couples from Kanyakumari District

Neena Viswambharan, Murugan Manavalan

Keywords : Male, Motility, Semen,Infertility

Citation Information : Viswambharan N, Manavalan M. Sperm Abnormalities: In the Male Partners of Infertile Couples from Kanyakumari District. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2020; 11 (1):16-19.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1199

License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Published Online: 25-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Infertility has been identified as a health issue worldwide and it is of great concern among married couples in our society. Scientifically, it has been established that both males and females can contribute to infertility. However, in most cases, women are held responsible for the same without proper diagnosis. Statistically, female factors contribute to about 40–60% of infertility cases, whereas 20–40% of infertility cases are due to factors contributed by males, of which, deficiency in semen quality is the major cause which accounts for 40–50% of infertility cases. A decrease in semen quality has been reported which can be due to lifestyle changes, occupational exposures to chemicals, heat, and stress. Aims: To study the prevalence of infertility, distribution of sperm abnormalities, and the impact of occupation on men visiting a tertiary clinic. Settings and design: Male partners of infertile couples who visited the fertility center were considered for the study. Materials and methods: Seminal fluid was analyzed for volume, sperm concentration, motility (progressive motility), and morphology. Results: In this study conducted in our center, we found that 55.8% of the patients had sperm abnormalities, among which teratozoospermia was the commonly observed anomaly. Conclusion: Male factors equally contribute to infertility as female factors. Semen analysis is the crucial diagnostic test for infertility assessment of the male partner. Key messages: The incidence of male infertility has been increasing recently and the evaluation and prognosis of male subfertility are challenging. Although semen analysis is the primary test for the assessment of infertility in males, it does not recognize the abnormality in idiopathic infertility. Thus, new techniques and methods need to be developed to improve accuracy and reduce variation.


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