International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( September-December, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Obesity in Gestational Diabetes: Emerging Twin Challenge for Perinatal Care in India

Evita Fernandez, Tarakeswari Surapaneni

Citation Information : Fernandez E, Surapaneni T. Obesity in Gestational Diabetes: Emerging Twin Challenge for Perinatal Care in India. Int J Infertil Fetal Med 2010; 1 (1):35-39.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10016-1006

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and gestational diabetes (GDM) and the association of obesity and gestational diabetes with adverse pregnancy outcomes in a population of pregnant women. Routine antenatal care included the estimation of body mass indices, assessment of blood glucose levels, including glucose challenge tests and oral glucose tolerance test, fetal growth monitoring and nutritional counseling. The prevalence of GDM and obesity in this population was 8.43% (95% CI: 7.47-9.40) and 19.49% (95% CI: 18.12-20.87) respectively. The prevalence of obesity increased to 54.63% (95% CI: 52.91-56.36), if we used the ICMR guidelines for BMI in this population. Cesarean sections (adjusted OR: 2.04, 95% CI: 1.43-2.89), large for gestational age (LGA) babies (adjusted OR: 3.82, 95% CI: 2.11-6.92) and macrosomia (adjusted OR: 20.90, 95% CI: 3.29-132.77) was associated with obesity in GDM (based on the ICMR guidelines for BMI). Results from this study indicate that gestational diabetes and obesity are increasingly important priorities for perinatal care in India.


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